What is a project manager? Here comes the concept of meeting the needs of the team. In general, the project establishes a solution that meets the needs. An additional concept must be integrated in order to understand the sequence.
The general strategy of the organization and external relations, in particular with financiers. Thus, the larger the project, the less the project manager is a technical expert. Consider each of the features.
Project ephemeral: the project team disappears with the end of the project. The solution then is no longer carried by this command, but by structure. By structure we mean a department, department or company as a whole. The structure, unlike the project team, is sustainable. Then we have a set of 4 components that define the project:
Structure: it is subject to internal and external constraints, pushing it to develop in order to keep up with the environment. This leads to the need.
Need: consistent with the desire of the structure to improve, for example, production capacity or internal process.
Project team: often quickly assimilates with the project as a whole, while it is only one component, the project team is the production tool of the project.
Solution: the solution meets the needs and, thus, improves the structure. This is what remains at the end of the project. None of these components are of interest without the other three. A worthless project is completely worthless.
What hinders the work of the project manager? A project without a solution does not bring anything new and is therefore also useless. The absence of a project team means that improvement will not occur in the form of a project, but over time as part of the structure’s daily work (which is quite legitimate, switching to project mode is not the only way to develop, but probably the fastest and most likely way to manage the growing design complexity). Finally, a project without a structure does not exist, because then there are no financial or human resources, and the project remains a simple idea.
These four components are part of the chronological logic. The structure gives rise to a need, leading in some cases to the compilation of a project team to determine the need, determine and implement the solution. This will affect the structure because it will change the operation to meet the need for a project source. This modification can have side effects leading to the emergence of new needs in the structure, which can also be considered in the form of a project, etc. All projects do not generate other projects, but they place the structure in a development dynamic favorable for the emergence of new needs.
Client: he represents the structure. He decides and finances the project. It also ensures the sustainability of the solution throughout the project life cycle. Users: they are often a source of need and will be users of the solution created by the project. Manager Project manager: he leads the project team and provides project management (implementation). He is responsible for translating the needs into a specific solution. His role is limited in time. Project team: consists of team members who play an active role in the project. Their profiles are very different depending on the projects, but they are the driving force. 10 main categories of projects This is paradoxical for organized and structured people, such as project managers, but there is no official classification of project types. The various categories of projects commonly referred to in the work include various classification criteria, such as purpose, size or profession.
Based on this observation, how to qualify a project to create a centralized electronic document management system for an international company of several thousand people, based in several countries? Is this a big project, an organizational project, a computer project, an international project? The number of people involved and the required budget will contribute to a large project. But the goal is to lead to the management of documentation in electronic form by changing the existing organization of document management on paper, so this is a project of the organization. The novelty of the tool used can bring it to the category of IT projects.